SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE IN WOMEN AND PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE(PID)

 Unknown to many of us, the most pleasurable and consummating act of love expression through sex can be an invitation to deadly plagues to our lives and the lives of our loved ones.

As we become bolder in our quest for sexual adventure, i want us to be aware of the fact that changes are being observed in the VIRULENCE as well as MODE OF SPREAD OF THE BACTERIA of sexually transmitted infection(STI).

These organisms are producing different strains that are increasingly becoming more different threat. GONORRHEA AND CHLAMYDIA are the most prevalent of sexually transmitted infections and they often tend to co-exist. 

Other STIs include; Herpes simplex type 1 and 2, syphilis, HIV, HPV(genital warts) etc.
In this post, i will focus on gonorrhea and chlamydia infections and its effect on women. As we all know these two infections, as the name implies are transmitted through contact with an infected partner during UNPROTECTED SEXUAL intercourse.

Unfortunately, MOST INFECTED WOMEN USUALLY HAVE NO SYMPTOMS, especially in the early stage of the infection. Symptoms that may develop later on include: BURNING OR FREQUENT URINATION (PEEING), A YELLOWISH VAGINAL DISCHARGE, BURNING OR ITCHING OF THE VAGINAL AREA AND SOMETIMES REDNESS AND SWELLING OF THE VAGINAL AREA.

IF UNTREATED, GONORRHEA CAN LEAD TO A SEVERE PELVIC INFECTION WHICH SPREADS TO THE TUBES, AND THE EGGS (OVARY).

The uterus, the tubes and the eggs forms the womb of a woman. Gonorrhea infection of the womb can lead to a serious, painful infection of the pelvis known as PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID).

GONORRHEA INFECTION IN MEN USUALLY PRESENTS WITH EXCRUCIATINGLY PAINFUL URINATION WITH WHITISH/MILKY DISCHARGE FROM THE PENIS. Hence, men are very quick to seek treatment because of the pain and embarrassing discharge from the penis.
PID occurs in 10 - 40% of women with gonorrhea infection. Symptoms of PID include: FEVER, SEVERE CRAMPING ABDOMINAL PAIN AND PAIN DURING SEXUAL INTERCOURSE. In severe cases of infection, THE WHOLE WOMB BECOMES A BAG OF PUS. 

This can be life threatening and major surgery may be necessary to drain the pus. Widespread infection into the blood stream can lead to death. 

     CHLAMYDIA
This is in fact the most common sexually transmitted infection. It is easy spread from partners to partners because it often CAUSES NO SYMPTOMS. In fact 70% of infection in women and 50% in men are without symptoms, they are usually noticeable after 1 - 3 weeks of contact, such symptoms may include the following in women:
  1. Abnormal vaginal discharge (with foul odor)
  2. Bleeding between period
  3. Painful periods
  4. Abnormal pain and fever
  5. Pain during sex
  6. Itching and burning in and around vagina
Men may present with the following symptoms; SMALL AMOUNT OF WATERY OR CLOUDY DISCHARGE FROM THE TIP OF THE PENIS, PAINFUL URINATION, BURNING AND ITCHING AROUND THE OPENING OF THE PENIS AND PAIN AND SWELLING AROUND THE TESTICLES.

From the above narration, one can see that more MEN THAN WOMEN USUALLY KNOW WHEN THEY HAVE GONORRHEA, ironically, when such men come for treatment, the are usually asked to bring their sexual partner for treatment so as to break the cycle of infection. 

However, and SAD to say, most men don't bring their partners for treatment. This selfish behavior of men is observed, either because of indiscriminate and promiscuous sexual behavior or because they  self-centered. 

Consequently, gonococci and chlamydia often result in life threatening PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE IN WOMEN and that's when most women will seek treatment because of the severity of the lower abdominal pain and generalized sickness.

No comments:

Powered by Blogger.